CENTRES OF NANOTECHNOLOGY R&D IN CR

Autor: Ing. Tasilo Prnka, DrSc. <(at)>, Téma: Pracoviště, Vydáno dne: 27. 12. 2008

There are workplaces characterised in this chapter in which research and development make a significant part of the activities. They are mostly:
• Institutes of AS CR which are public research institutions,
• University workplaces (faculties, departments, institutes), which conduct research and development together with their pedagogic activities,
• Allowance sector organisations which conduct research and development together with other activities,
• Research organisations in the private sector.


1. WORKPLACES OF THE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC

The Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (AS CR) was founded by the Act No. 283/1992 Coll. as the Czech successor of the former Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences (CSAV). It is a set of 53 public research institutions and 3 service workplaces, including the Office of AS CR (see www.cas.cz).
There are almost 7 thousand employees; thereof more than a half are researchers with university education.
The main mission of the Academy of Sciences and of its workplaces is the organisation of the basic research in the broad spectrum of natural, technical, humanitarian and social sciences. This research - specialised or interdisciplinary in its nature - tries for the development of knowledge at the international level, but it respects actual needs of the Czech society and local culture. Workplaces of the Academy of Sciences participate in education, mostly by the training of young researchers in post gradual study programmes, but also with pedagogical activities of their workers at universities. The Academy also develops cooperation with the applied research and industry. A number of joint international projects and exchanges of workers with foreign partner institutions strengthen the involvement of Czech science within the international context.
The conducted survey has shown that there are currently 25 institutes of AS CR and the Technological Centre of AS CR involved, with varied intensity, in the research of nanotechnology.

Institute of Biophysics of AS CR (BFU)
Biology Centre of AS CR (BC)
Biology centre of AS CR, INSTITUTE OF PARASITOLOGY
Biology centre of AS CR, INSTITUTE OF PLANT MOLECULAR
Institute of Biotechnology of AS CR (BTU)
Institute of Physics of AS CR (FZU)
Institute of Physiology of AS CR (FGU)
Institute of Microbiology of AS CR (MBU)
Technology Centre of AS CR (TC)
Institute of Analytical Chemistry of AS CR (UIACH)
Institute of Inorganic Chemistry of AS CR (UACH)
Institute of Experimental Botany of AS CR (UEB)
Institute of Experimental Medicine of AS CR (UEM)
Institute of Photonics and Electronics of AS CR (UFE)
J. Heyrovsky Institute of Physical Chemistry of AS CR (UFCH JH)
Institute of Physics of Materials of AS CR (UFM)
Institute of Plasma Physics of AS CR (UFP)
Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals of AS CR (UCHP)
Nuclear Physics Institute of AS CR (UJF)
Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry of AS CR (UMCH)
Institute of Molecular Genetics of AS CR (UMG)
Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of AS CR (UOCHB)
Institute of Scientific Instruments of AS CR (UPT)
Institute of Rock Structure and Mechanics of AS CR (USMH)
Institute of Systems Biology and Ecology of AS CR (USBE)
Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics of AS CR (UTAM)
Institute of Thermomechanics of AS CR (UT)
Institute of Animal Physiology and Genetics of AS CR (UZFG)

2. UNIVERSITIES

Charles University in Prag
Ovocný trh 3-5, 116 36 Praha 1, I.D. 00216208
www.cuni.cz

Charles University, founded in 1348, belongs among the oldest universities in the world and it is today one of the most important educational and scientific institutions in the Czech Republic. It is also renowned within the European and the world context. Its scientific and pedagogical performance and its unique historical traditions make it also an important cultural institution.

The University has got currently 17 faculties (14 in Praha, 2 in Hradec Králové, and 1 in Plzeň), 3 university institutes, 6 other workplaces for the education, science, research, and development, including other creative activities or for the provision of information services, 5 all university purpose-oriented facilities, and the Chancellorship as the executive workplace managing UK. The University employs more than seven thousand workers, thereof four thousand academics and researchers.
There are more than 42 400 students studying (about one fifth of all students in the Czech Republic) within more than 270 accredited study programmes offering almost 600 fields of study. The undergraduate study programmes are studied by 7 200 students, while 29 000 students study the bachelor programmes and more than 6 200 students study within the master of doctoral programmes. More than 5 000 people participate every year in many life long educational courses.
The priority of the University relates to scientific and research activities which must be undertaken by students of bachelor and post gradual study courses. The scientific output of UK workplaces, measured by the volume of gained funds provided to universities in the Czech Republic, equals about one third of all these finances. The objective of UK is to profile itself as a research university that is competitive within the world university and research area. The Charles University is, according to the valid legislature, a public university, i.e. an autonomous scientific and educational institution. UK is managed by its Rector and the highest academic self-administration body is the Academic Senate. Other authorities are the Scientific Council and a Bursar. The Administrative Board looks after the assertion of public interests in the UK activities. The advisory body of the Rector is his Consultative Body consisting of Pro-rectors, the Bursar and the Chancellor. Faculties are highly independent and they are headed by Deans. Other University parts are managed by their Directors.
The Rector of the Charles University is Prof. RNDr. Václav Hampl, DrSc.

Research and development in the area of nanotechnologies has been identified in the following organisational university units:
• 1st Faculty of Medicine
• 2nd Faculty of Medicine
• 3rd Faculty of Medicine
• Faculty of Pharmaceuticals in Hradec Králové
• Faculty of Science
• Faculty of Mathematics and Physics

1st Faculty of medicine(1LF) 
2nd Faculty of medicine(2LF)
3rd Faculty of Medicine of UK (3LF)
Faculty of Pharmaceuticals in Hradec Kralové (FAF)
Faculty of science of UK (PRF UK) 
Faculty of mathematics and physics (MFF) 

Masaryk University in Brno
Žerotínovo nám. 9, 601 77 Brno, I.D. 00216224
www.muni.cz

Masaryk University is the second biggest public university in the Czech Republic and the biggest one in Moravia. It employs 4 000 workers and there are about 31 000 students studying. It currently consists of nine faculties with more than 200 departments, institutes and clinics. It is one of the most important educational and scientific institutions in the Czech Republic and a renowned Central European university founded in 1919. It is also an important social and cultural player in the region of South Moravia. One of the basic priorities of the Masaryk University is research. The University has recently ranked among leaders in tenders supporting research projects and it invests a lot into the development of research and educational capacities in its new university campus. It develops activities in the area of knowledge dissemination and support of innovation and science.
The Masaryk University provides university education within the wide spectrum of traditional and modern disciplines and it is one of the fastest growing educational institutions in Europe. The University is intensively involved in mobility activities of researchers within research programmes of the European Union and of other countries thanks to which undergraduates or graduates can extend their studies with graduate or postgraduate studies either at the Masaryk University or at some other university. Students from the Masaryk University can also study abroad and then return back to their home university. The offer of study opportunities is based on disciplines covered by the following faculties: law, medicine, natural sciences, philosophy, pedagogy, economic-administration, informatics, social, and sports.
Research in the area of nanotechnologies is conducted by the Faculty of Science.

Faculty of Science (PRF MU)

Czech Technical University in Prag
Zikova 4, 166 36 Praha 6, I.D. 68407700
www.cvut.cz


The Czech Technical University in Praha (CVUT) is the oldest civil technical university in Central Europe. It was founded in 1707. CVUT currently supports scientific activities, educates new scientists and concentrates on other activities of scientific and pedagogic fields within technical disciplines. It develops the scientific and pedagogic research and creative technological activities in accordance with social requirements, worldwide trends and principles of liberty in intellectual activities. There were 24 000 students studying in 2007. CVUT has got 7 faculties, 3 university institutes and other workplaces.
Research in the area of nanotechnologies is organised, within different scopes, in the following faculties:
• Faculty of Civil Engineering
• Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
• Faculty of Electrical Engineering
• Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering
• Faculty of Biomedical Engineering

Faculty of Civil Enginering
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Faculty of Electrical Engineering
Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering
Faculty of Biomedical Engineering

Brno University of Technology
Antonínská 548/1, 601 90 Brno, I.D. 00216305
www.vutbr.cz


Brno University of Technology is the oldest university in Brno. Its beginnings originate in the mid 19th century, the year 1849, when the German-Czech Technical School was founded in Brno. The Czech Brno University of Technology was opened in November 1899. The School has become the university in 1956 and this meant its extensive development. The decisive period for the existence of Brno VUT was in 1989, when faculties went through significant reorganisation and new faculties were established. Brno VUT, as the only technical university, currently covers the whole spectrum of technical science and a number of artistic disciplines. There are 24 500 students studying. Brno VUT consists of 8 faculties.
Research in the area of nanotechnologies takes place, within varied scope, in the following faculties:
• Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Communication - FEKT
• Faculty of Chemistry - FCH
• Faculty of Civil Engineering - FAST
• Faculty of Mechanical Engineering - FSI

Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Communication
Faculty of Chemistry
Faculty of civil Engineering
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

Institute of Chemical Technology in Praha
Technická 5, 166 28 Praha 6 – Dejvice, I.D. 60461373
www.vscht.cz

The Institute of Chemical Technology in Praha was founded in 1952. It is the biggest educational institution of its kind in the Central and Eastern Europe. It extends more than 170 years long traditions of technological chemistry in the country. Research and development takes place in all chemical fields. VSCHT has got 4 faculties. The nanotechnological research is conducted in the Faculty of Chemical Technology and in the Faculty of Chemical Engineering.

Faculty of Chemical Technology
Faculty of Chemical Engineering

University of West Bohemia in Plzeň
Univerzitní 8, 306 14 Plzeň, I.D. 49777513
www.zcu.cz

The University of West Bohemia in Plzeň (ZCU) was founded on 28 September 1991. It merged the existing University of Mechanical Engineering and Electrical Engineering and the Pedagogical Faculty in Plzeň. The first mentioned university was founded in 1949 as a part of the Czech Technical University in Praha. It became independent in 1953 and developed very fast. In 1960, it was divided into two faculties - mechanical engineering and electrical engineering. The other two new faculties were founded in 1990 - of applied science and of economy. ZCU has got currently 7 faculties. It is the only university in the region of West Bohemia and it trains experts in the following fields: mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, informatics, applied mathematics, physics and mechanics, economy, pedagogy, philosophy, philology, the social and cultural anthropology, archaeology, law, and public administration. The University organises research in the presented fields within its capacity. The research of nanotechnologies is conducted, within limited scope, by the Faculty of Applied Science and the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering.

Faculty of Applied Science
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

Technical University in Liberec
Studentská 2, 461 17 Liberec, I.D. 46747885
www.tul.cz

The Technical University in Liberec continues traditions of the Mechanical Engineering University that was founded in Liberec in 1953. That University offered studies in only one faculty - the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering. There was the Faculty of Textiles founded in 1960 and the University name changed to the University of Mechanical Engineering and Textiles in Liberec. The then VSST thus became unique with its education of university-educated experts for the textile fields. The current Technical University in Liberec has still maintained this expertise and uniqueness today.
The former University transformation brought significant changes. The original two faculties (of mechanical engineering and of textiles) were supplemented with four other faculties (pedagogical, economics, of architecture, and of mechatronics and interdisciplinary engineering studies) in the period 1990 - 1995. In 2004, there was the Institute of Healthcare Studies founded as an independent unit. This has fundamentally extended the spectrum of study programmes. The Technical University in Liberec has progressively changed from a purely technical university to the renowned university combining forms of the technical education with forms of humanities and education in natural sciences. It offers undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate study programmes.
The research of nanotechnologies is organised in the following faculties:
• Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
• Faculty of Textiles
• Pedagogical Faculty
• Faculty of Mechatronics and Interdisciplinary Engineering Studies

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Faculty of Textiles
Pedagogical Faculty
Faculty of Mechatronics and Interdisciplinary Engineering Studies

Jan Evangelista Purkyně University in Usti nad Labem
Hoření 13, 400 96 Ústí nad Labem, I.D. 44555601
www.ujep.cz

The University of Jan Evangelista Purkyně in Ústí nad Labem carries the name of the well-known native of Libochovice Jan Evangelista Purkyně. The history of the University in Ústí nad Labem started in 1954, when there was the Advanced Pedagogical School founded. This School changed in 1959 to the Pedagogical Institute and, consequently, in 1964, there was the Pedagogical Faculty in Ústí nad Labem founded. The University of J.E. Purkyně was ceremonially opened in Ústí nad Labem together with three faculties and one institute. The University has got currently 7 faculties. The research and development of nanotechnologies take place only in the Faculty of Science.

Faculty of Science

University of West Bohemia in Plzeň
Univerzitní 8, 306 14 Plzeň, I.D. 49777513
www.zcu.cz

The University of West Bohemia in Plzeň (ZCU) was founded on 28 September 1991. It merged the existing University of Mechanical Engineering and Electrical Engineering and the Pedagogical Faculty in Plzeň. The first mentioned university was founded in 1949 as a part of the Czech Technical University in Praha. It became independent in 1953 and developed very fast. In 1960, it was divided into two faculties - mechanical engineering and electrical engineering. The other two new faculties were founded in 1990 - of applied science and of economy. ZCU has got currently 7 faculties.
It is the only university in the region of West Bohemia and it trains experts in the following fields: mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, informatics, applied mathematics, physics and mechanics, economy, pedagogy, philosophy, philology, the social and cultural anthropology, archaeology, law, and public administration. The University organises research in the presented fields within its capacity. The research of nanotechnologies is conducted, within limited scope, by the Faculty of Applied Science and the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering.

Faculty of applied science

University of Pardubice
Studentská 95, 532 10 Pardubice, I.D. 00216275
www.upce.cz

The University of Pardubice was founded as the University of Chemistry in Pardubice in 1950. In 1953, it was transformed into University of Chemical Technology in Pardubice. The University structure has changed by the founding of new faculties after 1990. The single faculty university with the chemistry focus has become an institution providing the university education of broader scope. It has got the current name since 1994 and it consists of 7 faculties. In addition to education, it conducts also rich research activities which brought to it respect of both domestic and foreign scientists. It has been assisted by a number of specialised workplaces and other organisations, institutions and associations working in cooperation with the University of Pardubice. The research of nanotechnologies is organised by the Faculty of Chemical Technology.

Faculty of Chemical Technology

VŠB - Technical University in Ostrava
17. listopadu15, 708 33 Ostrava – Poruba, I.D. 61989100
www.vsb.cz

VSB-TU Ostrava extends activities of the original training centre, the Mining Academy and the Mining University in Příbram. This kind of education was renewed in the Czech lands in the mid 19th century, when there were two training centres founded in Příbram and Leoben by the Emperor’s Decree of 23 January 1849. The training centre in Příbram received the name Mining Academy in 1865. The consequently issued statuses suggest that the process was going in the direction of recognition of the Mining Academy as a fully-fledged university. In 1904, there were two state examinations implemented, which provided for the granting of the title Dr. mont. and the extension of rector’s rights, who could use the traditional title “Magnificence”. The new name of the Mining University corresponded with the importance of this institution. In the period 1918 - 1938, the university trained mining specialists as the only university in Czechoslovakia. In 1945, the University moved to Ostrava and at the beginning of the 1950s it started to be divided into individual faculties. After 1989, the Mining University - Technical University of Ostrava has been transformed into a modern technical university with the full offer of studies in the Faculty of Economy. There have been three new faculties founded during the past 13 years: the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Informatics, Faculty of Civil Engineering, and the Faculty of Safety Engineering. They have thus extended the studies of technical fields. The VSB-TU is currently a university with the polytechnical and economical focus. Research activities make a substantial part of the University activities. They have been developed in the areas of metallurgy, material engineering, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering and electronics, information technologies, mining and geology, civil engineering, economy, and in other fields. The University has got seven faculties. In addition to the faculties, there are also university institutes, all-university workplaces and task-oriented facilities. The research of nanotechnologies is conducted in the Faculty of Metallurgy and Material Engineering, in the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, in the Institute of Physics in the Faculty of Mining and Geology, and especially in the Nanotechnological Centre

Faculty of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Faculty of mining and geology
Nanotechnology centre

Palacky University in Olomouc
Křížkovského 8, 771 47 Olomouc, I.D. 61989592
www.upol.cz

The Palacky University Olomouc was founded in 1946 and extended thus the activities by the former Theological Faculty. It has currently got seven faculties: Cyril and Methodius Faculty of Theology, Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Philosophy, Faculty of Science, Faculty of Physical Education, Pedagogical Faculty, and Faculty of Law. The research of nanotechnologies is conducted in the Faculty of Science and, within limited scope, in the Faculty of Medicine.

Faculty of Science
Faculty of Medicine

Tomaš Baťa University in Zlin
Mostní 5139, 760 01 Zlín, I.D. 70883521
www.utb.cz

UTB is the top educational and research institution that could be characterised by a very fast development, openness towards the rest of the world, the stress put on science and research, and cooperation with the practical sphere. With its 11 000 students, it could be considered a medium-size university in the Czech Republic. The University carries the name of the genius entrepreneur Tomáš Baťa (1876 - 1932), who was the founder of the shoe industry in Zlín and who has become known all over the world. His son, the Canadian entrepreneur Tomáš Baťa junior (born in 1914), is the Chairman of the University Board. The University was founded on 1 January 2001 by the transformation of two faculties of the Brno Technical University. The City of Zlín has thus become a university city providing students with a wide spectrum of study fields.
UTB has got 5 faculties (of technology, management and economics, multimedia communications, applied informatics, and humanity studies) and a University Institute, which organises project activities and research activities in the following areas:
- Polymer materials, technologies and products with the special stress put on applications of polymers in the healthcare industry
- Materials and technologies used in the food industry, with the focus on food additives.
The research in the field of nanotechnologies is conducted in the Faculty of Technology.

Faculty of Technology

University of South Bohemia in Česke Budějovice
Branišovská 31, 370 05 České Budějovice, I.D. 60076658
www.jcu.cz

The University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice, founded in 1991, organises education and research mostly in the fields of biology, agriculture, fisheries and pedagogy. The University is divided into 7 faculties (of economy, philosophy, pedagogy, science, theology, healthcare and social care, and agriculture), the Institute of Physical Biology and the Research Institute of Fisheries and Hydrobiology. The research of nanobiotechnologies was identified in the Faculty of Science and in the Institute of Physical Biology.

Faculty of Science
Institute of Physical Biology

University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno
Palackého 1/3, 612 42 Brno
www.vfu.cz

The University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno was founded on 1 January 1995, when the Veterinary and Pharmaceutical University changed its name. VFU has got three faculties: of the veterinary medicine, pharmaceutical, and of veterinary hygiene and ecology.
The research in the area of nanotechnologies is conducted, in limited scope, in the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine.

Faculty of veterinary medicine

Mendel University of Agriculture and Forestry in Brno
Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, I.D. 62156489
www.mendelu.cz

The Mendel University of Agriculture and Forestry in Brno (MZLU) is the oldest university of its kind in the country. It was founded in 1919 as the University of Agriculture in Brno and it had existed with this name until 1994. Its founding achieved the long wished goal of having the agricultural education of the university kind in Moravia which has belonged among the areas with the most advanced agriculture in Central Europe. The University went through a number of organisational and other changes and it has educated almost twenty thousand engineers of agriculture, six and a half thousand forestry professionals and five and a half thousand economists for jobs in different sectors of the national economy. MZLU consists of four faculties and one institute.
The Faculty of Agronomy, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sciences, Faculty of Business and Economics, and the Institute of Lifelong Education (the university institute) have their addresses in Brno, while the Faculty of Horticulture is placed in Lednice.
Cooperation in projects focussing on nanotechnologies has been identified in the Faculty of Agronomy.

Faculty of Agronomy

3. ALLOWANCE ORGANISATIONS IN SECTORS

Institute of Clinical and Experimental Medicine in Praha

Institute of Haematology and Blood Transfusion in Praha

Masaryk Oncology Institute in Brno

Institute of Endocrinology

Praha Psychiatric Centre

Veterinary Research Institute in Brno

National Institute of Public Health

Czech Metrology Institute

Textiles Testing Institute plc


4. RESEARCH WORKPLACES IN THE PRIVATE SECTOR

COMTES FHT,s.r.o.,Plzeň

Czech Technology Centre for Inorganic Pigments Ltd.

Czech Nanotechnology Cluster, the cooperative

Molecular cybernetics, s.r.o.

Nanomedic, a.s.

Research and Development Institute SIGMA Ltd

SVUM,a.s.,Praha

SYNPO,a.s.,Pardubice

Research Institute of Inorganic Chemistry Ltd

VUHZ, a.s.

VUK Panenske Brezany,Ltd

Research Institute of Organic Syntheses,a.s.,Pardubice

Nuclear Research Institute Řež Ltd.

ZKL Research and Development Ltd.