Nanotechnologie esk verze
Program �EUROCORES� (GE)
Vydno dne 06. 11. 2008 (3061 peten)

Projects solved in the area of nanotechnologies

GEFON/06/E001 �Spin-dependent transport and electron correlations in nanostructures�, 1/2006-12/2009, the head researcher is Ing. V�t Nov�k, CSc., Institute of Physics of AS CR, v.v.i., Praha, the total costs of CZK 4.399 million, thereof CZK 4.399 million from the state budget. (Year 2008 � 1.566/1.566, 2d)

- Charles University in Praha, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Prof. RNDr. V�clav Hol�, CSc.
- Brno University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Prof. RNDr. Tom� �ikola, CSc.
Objective of the solution:
1. The design and preparation of spin filters and of a spin detector in paramagnetic and ferromagnetic semiconductors, hybrid structures of the ferromagnet/semiconductor type, nanostructures of the supraconductor/semiconductor type, and parts of the ferromagnet/molecule/ferromagnet type.
2. The theoretical and experimental studies of excitations of turning-over of the magnetic orientation caused by the spin-polarised current in nanostructures.
3. The study of the role of electron correlations, multiparticle phenomena and quantum interference in the electron transport in nanostructures.
4. The experimental study of entangled electron pairs occurring by injection of Cooper pairs in nanointerface supraconductor/semiconductor.

GEFON/06/E002 �Spin coherent transport in quantum nanostructures�, 1/2006-12/2009, the head researcher is Dr. Tom� Jungwirth, Institute of Physics of AS CR, v.v.i., Praha, the total costs of CZK 1.068 million, thereof CZK 1.068 million from the state budget. (Year 2008 � 0.356/0.356, 2d)
Objective of the solution:
1. The influence of the spin-orbital interaction on the transport in quantum wires, dots, and rings.
2. The Land� g-factor managed by the field in quantum dots.
3. Tunnelling phenomena in quantum dots and ferromagnetic semiconductors influenced by the strong spin-orbital interaction. 4. The impact of the spin-orbital interaction, impurities and electron-electron interactions on the abnormal and spin Hall phenomenon. 5. The detection of spin currents based on the research of fluctuation charge current and of the Kondo phenomenon.

GESON/06/E005 �Biofunctional self-assembled nanostructures of amphiphilic copolymers, biopolymers, biomacromolecules, and nanoparticles: from bioinspired to biointegrated systems�, 1/2006-12/2009, the head researcher is RNDr. Petr �t�p�nek, CSc., Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry of AS CR, v.v.i., Praha, the total costs of CZK 4.971 million, thereof CZK 4.971 million from the state budget. (Year 2008 � 1.657/1.657, 6a)
Objective of the solution: The contribution to the creation of a new technological research direction and education in the modern and interdisciplinary polymer science. This field combines advanced research of biotechnology, polymer chemistry and physics. The current possibilities of chemistry and physics provide effective methods for syntheses, characterising, theoretical research, and manufacturing of varied materials. Biology provides knowledge about the most complicated existing functional nanostructures. Biology will be integrated into the project at different levels. Biological molecules will be integrated into assemled systems and substrates of created conventional polymers. Biological molecules will be combined with amphiphilic block and engrafted polymers, the layered nanoparticles, and Janus micelles with the goal to combine the assembly abilities of classical polymers with the specific functionality of biological polymers (specific bonds, sensor abilities, and nonlinear reactions).

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